I hate to break it to you, but strength training for runners is no longer a luxury, nor is it something you only do during the off season. In fact, and as we are going to see in today’s post, weight training is an integral part of any running training program.
Runners Who Do Not Strength Are (Kinda) Dump
If you prefer being in the outdoor than cooped up in a gym, then you probably skip over the weight room and head straight to the trails (or any available running surface) when it’s time for a workout.
Nevertheless, when it comes to improving your running (without running more), adding a weight training routine into your program is vital. That’s why today I’m sharing with a few of my favorite strength exercises for runners.
Weight Training is not Just About Muscles
I love weight training, but don’t get me wrong, it ain’t all about getting bulky and huge. In fact, as a runner, I found that by sticking to a regular strength training program, I got faster, fitter and become less prone to injury.
And as I look around, some of the fittest and healthiest runners I know happen to be regular strength nuts as well.
Instead, back your running lifestyle with a strength routine to help you become the best runner you can be.
Strength training Benefits for runners
If you don’t believe me, check out this study from the National Strength & Conditioning Association.
Accordingly, I believe that strength training is one of the single most important non-running aspects of training that can help you a become a faster, stronger and less injury, prone runner.
Runners’ Oriented Strength Training
Here is the muscle imbalance fix routine you need.
Note: One of my favorite books on the subject is Dr. Jordan Metzel’s “Running Strong” guide. So, if you’re serious about taking your strength training to the next level, then get a copy from Amazon here.
The right Strength Training Strategy for Runners
The primary objective of a strength training routine for runners is to increase power and strength in the lower body muscles, including the shins, calves, and plantar muscles, all of which can improve push-off strength as well as reduce the risks of overuse injuries—very common among runners of all levels and ages.
In addition, it’s also crucial to develop core and upper body strength.
The training philosophy I’m describing here is what’s known as the well-rounded approach to fitness. And it’s what you need to strike a balance.
Strength Training for Runners – The Weight Workout Routine you Need
Without further ado, here are the seven strength exercises that every runner should do, along with proper form tips and YouTube tutorials showing you exactly how to do them.
Try adding this powerful strength training routine into your easy or cross-training days. These 7 exercises will take no more than 45-minute to complete and be done twice a week. That’s a small time investment that’s the worth the effort.
Just don’t fret yet if you don’t know where to start.
Note: Just keep in mind that these exercises can be very challenging. Make sure you are keeping good form; otherwise don’t bother with it.
Strength Training for Runners – The Core Workout
The list of the exercises you can do to target your core is almost endless. Crunches, bicycles, planks—they are all powerful.
I know, just because something is important it doesn’t mean that we’ll be doing it. This is a blunder I’ve done plenty of before, and you most likely you’ve fallen into the same trap.
I always ignored core work. It was so boring for me. I mean who wants to do crunches all day long? That’s why I had to find core exercises that are not boring and yet they are effective. And Here are a couple of them.
The plank—in all its variations—is one of the best core exercises that targets every angle of the core, lower back shoulders, making it for an effective and powerful strength training exercise
- Lie on your stomach
- Prop up onto your elbow with feet slightly apart, and toes about hip distance apart with shoulders directly above the elbows
- Aim to straighten your whole body so it’s forming a straight line from the top of your head to the heels.
- While engaging your core and keeping the straight line (no butt sticking allowed), hold the plank position for 30-second to one full minute.
See, this exercise is simple, but powerful. As you get stronger, aim to gradually add time and make it more challenging by adding weights to it—placing a plate on your back. Or doing other variations of the exercise.
2. Russian Twists
The Russian twist is tough and targets a whole bunch of muscles, including the abs, obliques, lower back and the hamstrings as well. You could always use a medicine ball or a plate for more challenge and extra resistance. There is always room for more with the Russian twist.
- Grab a weight, then lie on your back with upper legs perpendicular to the floor, and knees bents 90-degress.
- Next, hold the weight in front of your body while keeping the back straight.
- Twist your torso as far as you can to the right side, tap the weight on the floor, and then reverse the motion to the other side.
Strength Training for Runners – The Lower Body Workout
3. OverHead Lunges
The overhead lunge targets the whole body—quadriceps, hamstrings, glutes, shoulders and core muscles as well. It’s the perfect fit-in-all move—this is especially true f you are pressed for time and are looking to get the most bangs out of every minute of training.
Not only that this move will promote strength throughout the body, it will also help you gain essential flexibility and mobility in your hip flexors, helping you become more functional , which is good for all athletic and daily activities—not just for running.
- Hold a pair of dumbbells or a weighted bar straight above your shoulder, with arms straight and elbow locked, feet shoulder width apart and knees slightly bent
- While keeping the weight directly overhead, step forward with your right leg into a deep lunge position, bending both your knees
- Return to the starting position and repeat with left leg. That’s one repetition.
Do 12 steps on each side to complete one set.
4. Air Squats
Also known as bodyweight squats, these are some of the best strength moves there is. In fact, as a runner, squat should be a staple in your runner’s oriented strength training program. They are the single most important exercise that you can perform to strengthen the entire lower body.
They target a lot of running specific muscles, they convenient requiring no equipment but your own bodyweight, and can be easily added to your post-run routine.
You can always add a set of squat every now and then –especially if you don’t have the time to go for a full strength workout routine.
Squats target the quadriceps, hamstrings, hips, hip flexor and glutes, and even activate your core. That’s why squats are runners best friend and ally when it comes to making the most out out of r the run strength program routine.
- Stand with your feet hip distance apart with toes facing forward
- With your arms out in front at shoulder height, squat down by bending your knees, leaning forward at the waist while keeping the back flat and knees tracking behind the toes
- Squat until your thighs are parallel to the ground or to the point where you can no longer keep a flat back.
- Press up through your heels to return to starting position.
5. Single Leg Deadlifts
The single-leg deadlift is the ideal slow—burn move for building strong hamstrings and glutes—helping tackle those steep hills with ease—while working also on improving your balance and boosting your stability.
Just keep in mind that this move is an advanced form of strength training for runners. So, be careful.
- Start by holding two dumbbells or a weighted bar in front of your body.
- While standing tall, shift your weight to your right foot
- Hinge forward by bending your right knee and raising your left foot behind you in line with your torso, letting the weights hang down
- Lower the weight while keeping them very close to the tops of the legs until they until they go past your knee.
- Pause, then reverse the motion and return to the starting position
6. The Pistol
Also known as the one-legged squat, this is a powerful squat variation that will help you build strength and balance in your lower body like no other low body exercise. Not only that, this move also improves mobility in the lower body and will help you build a solid core.
[su_note note_color=”#74B4E2″ text_color=”#181414″ radius=”19″]Note: if you have lower body flexibility and mobility issues, use a chair or a bench for the assisted pistol option. In fact, that’s the case with most people. Try holding to suspension trainer handles or use a bench or a chair for assistance.[/su_note]
- Stand tall and balance on your right foot,
- Squat down by bending at the knee and sitting your hips back.
- Once your right knee is at about 90 degree angle, push back up by extending your leg to starting position.
Strength Training for Runners – The The Upper body Workout
7. Rotational Shoulder Press
This move is ideal for targeting your upper body muscles. it works on your shoulder and core at the same time, using core muscles to control the motion.
- While standing tall with feet hip width apart, hold a pair of dumbbells just outside your shoulders.
- As you press the weights up with your right hand, rotate your body to the right side
- Lower the weights to your shoulder as you rotate back to the center, then rotate to the left as you press your left again upward this time.
Three Sample Weight Training Workouts For Runners
Here you have it!
The above workout might be the only routine for a well-rounded strength training for runners, provided that you’re doing it on a regular basis, and staying within your fitness level the entire time.
Please feel free to comment below and send me all of your questions and concerns.
Thank you for your attention.
Image Credit: Ron Sombolion Via Flickr