The 5 Hip-Strengthening Exercises Every Runner Should Do

Truth be told, I have always shrugged off the importance of strength training when it comes to avoiding injury and improving performance.

But that’s a big mistake.

I paid for it dearly.

But for the last few years, strength training has become a part and parcel of my training program.

In fact, I believe that strength training has helped me in so many ways dodge injury and improve my performance on all levels.

The matter of fact is that strength training is vital for both injury prevention and athletic performance.

There is no way around it.

And as a runner, a group of muscles that needs a lot of attention and work is the hip muscles, including the adductor group, the abductor group, the posterior group and finally the anterior group. See Image.

Why the hips?

The fact is, your hips—along with the glutes—might be the most vital part of your running anatomy.

The hips play a significant role during almost every athletic activity. The hips stabilize each leg throughout the stance phase of the running gait. That’s why increasing strength in that area is of utmost importance—especially if you are serious about keeping stability in your running gait.

Weakness in this area can disrupt proper stability, leading to excess movements and all sorts of trouble, such as injuries and hindered running performance. And you don’t want that, do you?

And what makes this more relevant is that, in my experience, the hips are the weak link for many runners.

Therefore, if you are serious about staying injury free and running your best, you got to pay proper attention to your hips. Otherwise, suffer the dire consequences.

As a result, in today’s post I’m going to show you exactly how weak hip muscles can lead to running injury, and what kind of exercises you need to be doing to stay injury-free for the long haul.

Runners and Injuries

According to popular belief in the running world today, some of the leading root causes of injury can be boiled down to improper running mechanics, logistics, training errors and footwear.

But what most people fail to see or don’t know better is that biomechanics have also an important role to play in preventing—or aggravating—running injury.

And one of the most important, and yet ignored, aspects of biomechanics are the muscles around the hips.

In fact, hip weakness is believed to be a major injury culprit, according to a plethora of studies.

Stronger hip muscles lead to more control, period

The hips—these powerful stabilizer muscles— control the mechanics of your lower body—especially the knee—hence, if you have weak hip abductors muscles, your entire knee region is at a high risk of injury.

In fact, numerous studies have linked weak, tight, and under-developed abductors to plenty of problems such as patellofemoral pain syndrome—what’s commonly known as Runners Knee—IT band syndrome, Achilles tendinitis, and other overuse injuries.

What’s more, this hip weakness problem has become more widespread as a result of the prolonged sitting we do in our daily lives. Recent studies are showing that prolonged sitting is the culprit of a plethora of health troubles.

Studies linking hip weakness to running injuries

Numerous studies have looked into the link between hip weakness and injury.

Here are a three studies:

Study 1

Overuse injuries like Runners’ knee—Every runner’s nightmare—has been linked to weak hip muscles—including weakness in the hip abductor, adductor, and flexor, according to a study in the Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine.

Study 2

According to another (2) study published in Medicine & Science in Exercise & Sports, women who developed runner’s knee had greater pelvic instability in their gait than the injury-free runners.

Study 3

And that’s not all, another (3) study conducted by Frederickson et al. (2000), looked at 24 distance runners suffering from Iliotibial Band Syndrome—a notorious overuse injury.

The researchers examined the athletes’ hip abductor strength of their injured limb in contrast to the healthy leg, and to that of a control group. To nobody’s surprise, the researchers showed that on average Gluteus medius strength was about 2 percent less on the injured limb.

The Evidence is Overwhelming

For me, this is proof enough that every runner should be spending more time strengthening the hip muscles; otherwise, he (or she) will be setting the stage for a slew of injury and setbacks.

Prevention is ALWAYS better than cure.

So to stay injury-free (or at least reduce the risks), you need to strengthen your hips, helping add more support and stability to the movement of the feet, ankles, and knees.

Therefore and without further ado, here are 5 exercises you need to do to strengthen your hip muscles for better and pain-free running.

The Hip Strength Workout for Runners

If you follow this simple hip strengthening program, you should start noticing a major improvement in less than two to three weeks.

Commit to a hip strengthening routine two to three times a week, and you will run longer with fewer injuries.

Start with one set of 8 reps and gradually build on that so that you are doing three to four sets of 12 to 15.

1. Single-Leg Bridge

Targeted Muscles: Glutes, Lower back, Calves, Quads, and Hamstrings.

Proper Form

Lie on your back with both knees bent and feet flat on the floor, arms pressed against the floor by your sides. Then, lift your hips, engage your thighs, and squeeze your glutes.

Next, raise your right leg up in the air as straight as possible, keeping the foot flexed and extend it while raising your lower back and butt. Lift your hip as high as possible by engaging your abs and pressing down through the left heel.

Hold the position for 5 to 10 seconds; lower your hips to lightly touch the ground, then switches legs.

Number of sets: Three to four sets

Number of Repetitions: 8 to 12 reps.

2. Donkey Kicks

Targeted muscles: All three butt muscles — gluteus maximus, gluteus medius and gluteus minimus, plus the lower back

Proper Form

Get on all fours, with your hands directly under your shoulders and knees under the hips, wrists aligned under shoulders. Next, draw your abdominals in you gradually lift your leg behind you until it’s almost parallel to the floor, with knee bent and foot flexed

Hold the position and pulsate your flexed foot toward the ceiling by engaging and squeezing your glutes. Keep the motion small and controlled with the muscle doing most of the work.

Focus on the muscle, and avoid using momentum. And make sure to keep your back straight and spine in a neutral position.

Last up, return to starting position to complete one rep.

Number of sets: Two to three sets

Number of Repetitions: 12 to 15 reps

3. Side-Lying Hip Abduction

Targeted muscles: Gluteus Maximus, Gluteus Medius, Gluteus Minimus and Tensor Fascia Lata.

Proper Form

Lie down on your side on the floor or on a mat.

Make sure your hips and feet are stacked in neutral position—Meaning right hip directly over the left hip (or the other way around). And keep your body in a straight line from ankles to head.

Next, place your lower hand on the floor in front for support, and upper hand is resting upon your upper hip. Keep your pelvis in a neutral position. Engage your core muscles to support and the spine.

Then, exhale and extend and raise your top leg off the lower while keeping the knee straight and foot in a neutral position. No hip rolling—forward or back—is allowed. Raise the top leg as high as possible.

Inhale and slowly return the leg to the starting position in a slow and controlled manner. After finishing the set, roll over and repeat on the other side.

Number of sets: Two to three sets

Number of Repetitions: 8 to 10 reps

4. Bird Dog

Targeted Muscles: Glutes, Lower Back Muscles, and Rectus Abdominis Muscle.

Proper Form

Get down on all fours on your hands and knees with palms flat on the floor and shoulder-width apart, with knees directly under the hips and hands beneath the shoulders. Make sure to keep your lower back and abdomen in a neutral position.

Next, engage your core to keep a good balance, raise your left arm and extend it straight out in front of your body as you raise your right leg and straighten it behind you. Hold the position for 3 to 5 seconds, return to starting position and repeat.

Number of sets: Two to three sets.

Number of reps: 6 to 8 reps.

5. Single-Leg Deadlift

Muscle engaged: Glutes, Hamstrings, Spinal Erectors, and Abs

Proper Form

Stand on your left leg with your right leg behind your and in the air. Then, while keeping your shoulders back and back straight throughout the movement, hinge forward at the waist and raise the right leg behind you, then reach your hands toward the ground.

Last up; come back to starting position by engaging your glutes and hamstring of the left leg.

For more challenge, use weight or a medicine ball for added resistance.

Number of sets: Three to four sets

Number of reps: 10 to 12.

Featured Image Credit – Darren Stevenson Through Flickr


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David Dack



  1. Balance is important to this exercise.

    • Ravi
    • June 24, 2015
    • Reply

    I tried all these and I really feel the pain and pleasure in these exercises. Thanks for sharing these. Very helpful !!

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