Beyond Creatine: Next-Gen Longevity Supplements Fueling Runner Endurance in 2024

Ever heard the term “running on empty”? I bet a runner coined it when their endurance deserted them.

Endurance is the elixir that helps you reach your goals, keeps you going, and gives you the power to push through—even when you think you can’t anymore.

But endurance doesn’t come only from training and mental strength; it can also come from supplements that give your body (and brain) a boost.

Creatine has received a lot of attention over the past few years, especially within the athletic community. And there’s nothing particularly wrong with that. After all, creatine is an effective natural supplement that supports skeletal muscle elasticity and keeps energy flowing to those hard-working muscles.

However, as competent as creatine is in the art of promoting longevity and muscle recovery, it’s certainly not the be-all and end-all of energizing supplements out there.

In fact, there’s a wealth of other options on the market worth exploring—and maybe some that are even better suited to your body’s needs. A new generation of endurance supplements is emerging, and learning about them can be the key to unlocking the next level of your running performance.

Curious? Let’s find out more.

Longevity, Endurance, And Recovery For Runners: 7 Supplements You Should Know About

Keeping your body strong, healthy, and able to go the distance doesn’t just mean regular training; it also means getting the right nutrients and minerals in your system to support energetic release and endurance during a race, marathon, or even a leisurely jog.

Supplements offer a quick and easy way to get those essential proteins and organic compounds into your bloodstream. But with so many new products and recommendations entering the market, making the right choice can be tough.

Here’s a list of longevity-focused supplements beyond conventional creatine that just about every athlete can benefit from in the long run:

  1. Branched-Chain Amino Acids (BCAA)

The more lean your body is, the more muscle mass it loses – and runners (especially professional or avid ones) tend to already be on the leaner end of the spectrum. This can result in fatigued, overworked muscles that need the support of extra calories and amino acids to maintain healthy muscle mass.

That’s where branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) supplements come in. These supplements give your cells a boost of extra energy throughout the day to stimulate muscle growth and keep fatigue at bay, ultimately allowing you to run faster and longer without getting tired or entering catabolism.

  1. Glutamine

If you find yourself getting dehydrated during a run, imagine how your cells feel. Maintaining cell hydration and volume is crucial for runners who want to endure long distances without injuring themselves.

Glutamine supplements are a type of non-essential amino acid that regulates cell reproduction and general health so that plasma levels remain high—even when the body is under a lot of stress or experiencing exertion. Glutamine supplements are best consumed just after a run.

  1. Magnesium

There’s a reason why magnesium remains one of the most consistently popular supplements in the world. It’s an essential mineral that everyone needs to boost muscle recovery and regulate the nervous system, but endurance runners, in particular, can benefit from these properties.

Running puts a lot of performance pressure on your muscles, especially if you are training very regularly or for long periods of time. Magnesium supports muscles post-workout for faster recovery and a reduction of cortisol (the stress hormone) levels, aiding rest and rejuvenation before your next run.

  1. L-Carnitine

L-carnitine is a supplement that helps people break down fat molecules and build muscle mass. Although it is commonly associated with bodybuilding, L-carnitine is still an effective supplement for burning fat in a healthy and sustainable way while engaging in regular physical exertion, such as running.

This supplement works by delivering long-chain fatty acids to the mitochondria. This helps boost energy levels and break down stubborn fat molecules, making it easier to build muscle mass and run for long periods of time without getting fatigued.

  1. Nicotinamide Mononucleotide (NMN)

NMN is one of the latest advancements in supplement development and science. This organic chemical compound occurs naturally within the body, but when consumed externally, it supports a much wider range of health functions relating to endurance, muscle growth, and general well-being.

Technically a form of vitamin B12, NMN serves as a kind of building block for supporting metabolic function, energy production, and cell growth.

Taking NMN supplements can also help improve mitochondrial function and prevent age-related changes in gene expression. This makes it an ideal supplement for increasing overall vitality, immunity, and skin health, helping runners and all types of active people maintain their health.

  1. Vitamin D-3

Vitamin D3 helps runners avoid stress fractures, improve immunity, and prevent muscle injuries. It also boosts energy levels for optimal performance on the trail or track.

The D-3 variety is quickly gaining traction on the supplement market for its easily absorbable nature and ability to improve overall power and strength when it comes to physical performance.

  1. Calcium

Similarly to magnesium, calcium is a fundamental mineral needed by all bodies to maintain bone health. However, because of the strain a runner’s legs can endure during those miles, additional support in the form of calcium supplements can have a game-changing effect on endurance.

Without enough calcium in your diet, you may be prone to developing those dreaded shin splints, knee pain, and other serious bone-related injuries. As a runner, consuming enough calcium is imperative for maintaining a healthy relationship with running.

Calcium is a fairly easy-to-find mineral in common foods, such as almonds, milk, and broccoli, but using a supplement can remove the need to fixate on diet and ensure you always meet your daily calcium quota.

Step Up Your Performance With Supplements

The supplement industry has come a long way since protein powder and sugar-filled energy bars. Today, we have access to some of the most advanced and sophisticated supplements on the planet, well-researched and designed for optimal performance both on and off the track.

From newer varieties like NMN and BCAA to your basic fundamentals like calcium and magnesium, incorporating supplements into your daily routine can help you become a more well-rounded runner.

Just like your body, these supplements will go the distance.

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Mastering Your Run: A Comprehensive Guide to Tracking Progress

Ready to take your running game up a notch? Then it’s time for you to start tracking your running progress.

Whether you’re a newbie lacing up your sneakers for that very first mile or a seasoned pro gearing up for your 12th marathon, knowing where you stand on your running journey is key. Think of it as a trusty roadmap, guiding you through the twists and turns of your running journey.

But it’s not just about noting down miles and times. It’s about understanding your story. Where have you been? Where are you now? And where do you want to go?

In this article, I’ll dive into the ins and outs of tracking your running progress, sharing with you my favorite strategies and tools so you can make the most out of your running routine.

Sounds like a great idea?

Then let’s get started.

Setting Clear Running Goals

Before you start monitoring your running progress, I’d recommend that you establish clear goals. This should provide you with direction and purpose for your training, serving as your personal roadmap to running success.

Here’s how to set the right running goals:

  • Specific: Be precise about what you want to accomplish. Instead of a vague goal like “improve running,” specify your objective, such as “complete a non-stop 5K run.”
  • Measurable: Ensure you can measure your progress. If your aim is to improve your speed, quantify the improvement, like “reduce my 5K time by 2 minutes in 3 months.”
  • Achievable: Set practical goals. If you’re new to running, targeting a marathon within a month is unrealistic. Begin with smaller, attainable goals, then build on that.
  • Relevant: Align your goals with your overall reasons for running. If you’re running for health, a goal like “run three times a week” may be more relevant than pursuing a fast 10K time.
  • Time-bound: Set a deadline. It could be a race date or a self-imposed timeline, such as “complete a 10K run in under 50 minutes by year-end.

Still confused? Here are a few examples of common running goals:

  • Distance Goals: From running your first mile without stopping to completing a half or full marathon.
  • Time Improvement Goals: Aiming to shave off minutes or seconds from your personal best.
  • Consistency Goals: Setting a goal to run a certain number of days per week or month.
  • Technique Goals: Focusing on improving your running form, stride, or efficiency.
  • Cross-Training Goals: Incorporating other forms of exercise to improve your running. This could be strength training, yoga, or swimming.

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Methods of Charting Progress in Running

Tracking your progress in running can be as simple or sophisticated as you like. I started with an old-school running diary – a simple notebook where I scribbled down my thoughts, feelings, and the raw numbers. But over the passing years, my training program has become more complicated, hence my tracking methods as well, relying mostly on cutting-edge digital tools.

Let’s dig in.

The Running Diary

Keeping a running diary is the standard strategy. It’s a method that’s stood the test of time, and for good reason – it’s simple, straightforward, and won’t cost you an arm and a leg. All you need is a trusty notebook or journal devoted exclusively to your running logs, and you’re ready to roll.

Here’s what to keep track of while using a journal:

  • Distance and Time: These are the bread and butter of your running metrics. It’s not just about knowing how far you ran but also how long it took you to cover that distance.
  • Feelings and Physical Condition: This is where the diary gets personal. Pay attention to how you felt, both during and after your run. Did you finish feeling like you could conquer the world, or were you more on the fatigued side? Understanding how your body responds to each run can be a game-changer.
  • Weather Conditions: Mother Nature can be quite the running companion, for better or worse. Make it a habit to record the weather conditions. Was it a sweltering hot day, bone-chillingly cold, or perhaps a tad windy?
  • Diet and Hydration: Don’t underestimate the role of nutrition and hydration in your runs. Take a moment to jot down what you ate before hitting the pavement and how well you stayed hydrated.
  • Additional Notes: Sometimes, it’s the little details that add color to your running experience. Did you explore a new route that left you breathless with its scenic beauty? Did you have a running buddy join you, making it a memorable social run?

GPS Watches and Fitness Trackers

Let’s explore the world of wearable technology, where GPS watches and fitness trackers play a pivotal role in enhancing your running experience.

GPS Watches:

Imagine having a high-tech compass strapped to your wrist, and that’s precisely what GPS watches from renowned brands like Garmin, Polar, or Apple offer. These sophisticated timepieces do more than just tell you the time; they provide real-time data on your runs, acting as your trusty running companions.

With GPS watches, you can access crucial information like your pace, distance covered, heart rate, and sometimes even insights into your running form. This real-time feedback allows you to make on-the-fly adjustments during your runs, optimizing your performance.

Fitness Trackers:

Fitness trackers are like having a 24/7 health and fitness assistant right on your wrist. Beyond tracking your runs, these devices monitor your overall activity levels, keep tabs on your sleep patterns, and even assess your recovery.

Using Apps

Over the past few years, running apps have become my go-to strategy for anything running related.  They’re like having a personal running coach and logbook right in your pocket.

I’ve already explained in details the impact of these apps on your running program in article (take your time to read through it). For now, let me share with you my favorite ones:

  • Strava: Strava’s GPS tracking keeps tabs on your distance, pace, calories burned, and the routes you conquer. It also lets you set and follow training plans, join challenges, and engage in friendly competition with other users.
  • Runkeeper: This app provides essential metrics like distance, pace, and calories burned. You can also join virtual running groups, set personal challenges, and share your feats with friends for added motivation.
  • Nike Run Club: This app records your run data, including distance, pace, and calories, and offers audio coaching to keep you motivated during your runs. Nike Run Club also provides adaptive training plans, allowing you to customize your workouts based on your goals.

Collecting Your Data

I hate to sound like a broken record, but tracking key running metrics provides vital insights into your performance, which is crucial for making the right decisions.

Let’s dive into these essential metrics:

Improved Times

Looking for a no-nonsense way to gauge your running progress? Then a good running watch is the way to go. Clocking your time over a specific distance remains one of the most straightforward and effective methods to assess where your fitness stands.

The crux of the matter is how quickly you can cover a set distance. Keeping an eye on this key metric is invaluable, not just for setting tangible targets but also for tracking your journey towards those goals and celebrating the strides you’ve made.

For the sake of consistency and accurate comparisons, sticking to the same loop or route whenever possible is wise. This approach helps you sidestep any variables that could skew your results, like changes in terrain or elevation, ensuring you’re comparing like with like.

Monitoring Changes in Pace

Your pace, measured in minutes per mile or kilometer, is a key indicator of your running performance. Pay attention whether your pace is improving over time and if you can sustain or even increase your speed during longer runs. These notes show progress when it comes of endurance and efficiency.

Understanding Heart Rate Zones

Different heart rate zones serve a distinct purpose in your training regimen, from easy recovery to high-intensity runs. By training in various heart rate zones, you can enhance your cardiovascular fitness, boost speed, and improve endurance.


Cadence refers to the number of steps you take per minute while running. A higher cadence is often associated with improved efficiency and a reduced risk of injury. Think of it as finding the optimal RPM (revolutions per minute) for your running ‘engine.’

Stride Length

Stride length measures how far you travel with each step. Balancing your stride length and cadence is crucial for achieving more efficient running mechanics.

Analyzing Your Data

Collecting data is just the first step; the real magic happens when you make sense of it. Here’s your guide to effectively interpreting your running data:

Look for Patterns:

Delve into your data to uncover recurring patterns. Do you find yourself running faster on specific days? Does your heart rate soar when you tackle those challenging hills? Identifying patterns like these can help tailor your training strategy to maximize your strengths and address your weaknesses.

Progress Over Time:

Rather than fixating on day-to-day fluctuations, focus on long-term trends. Remember, improvement in running often unfolds gradually.

Understanding Volume vs. Intensity:

Volume (distance, duration) refers to how much you run,. Gradually increasing your running volume can build your stamina and help you tackle longer distances. Conversely, intensity (pace, heart rate) measures how hard you run. Training at higher intensities can boost your speed and boost cardiovascular fitness.

Balancing these two aspects is crucial. Too much intensity without adequate volume can lead to burnout, while excessive volume without enough intensity might not provide enough stimulus to improve your speed or fitness.

Running Aftermath: How to Deal with Post-Run Muscle Twitches

Experiencing muscle twitches post-run? You’re in the right place.

And trust me, I’ve been there too. Imagine this: you’re basking in the post-run glow, feeling on top of the world, yet there’s an uninvited guest at your celebration—those small, but persistent muscle twitches.

But what exactly are these muscle twitches and why are they so common among runners? Essentially, these are involuntary contractions causing your muscles to flicker or pulse, often benign but impossible to ignore.

Worry no more.  In today’s article, I’ll dive into everything from the straightforward explanations to the more complex reasons behind post-run muscle twitches. I’ll also share some effective ways to soothe them and strategies to prevent their return.

Sounds intriguing? Let’s dive right in.

Understanding Muscle Twitching:

Muscle twitches after a run might have you wondering if your muscles are trying to keep the workout going without you. Known in the science world as fasciculations, these involuntary muscle contractions are more quirky than concerning.

After pushing through a tough run, don’t be surprised if your muscles start buzzing with these twitches. They can pop up in any muscle group you’ve been working hard, sometimes even putting on a visible show.

Though it’s pretty common to have a twitching session post-run, you might wonder if it’s something to worry about if it keeps happening. Typically, it’s all cool unless the twitches are crashing your sleep party, spreading out to multiple muscle bands like an uninvited tour, or if they bring along muscle weakness as their plus one. If that’s the case, chatting with a doc is your best bet.

Now, let’s break down why your muscles might be throwing these after-parties and how you can help them chill out.

Electrolyte Imbalance

Picture this: it’s a sunny day, and I’m out on a long run, pushing my limits. The miles are adding up, and I can feel the sweat pouring off me. But when I finally stop, my leg muscles start to put on a spontaneous dance performance – little twitches here and there.

I quickly realized it might be an electrolyte issue. You see, electrolytes like potassium, calcium, and magnesium are key muscle function. They control the nerve signals and muscle contractions. And if they’re out of balance, it’s like trying to play a piano with the wrong keys.

Here are some solutions to address electrolyte imbalance:

  1. Dietary Changes: Incorporate foods rich in potassium, calcium, and magnesium into your diet. Examples include bananas and avocados for potassium, dairy products and leafy greens for calcium, and nuts and seeds for magnesium. A balanced diet can help maintain proper electrolyte levels.
  2. Hydration: Proper hydration is crucial for maintaining electrolyte balance. Drink an adequate amount of water, especially after long or intense runs. In addition to water, consider electrolyte-replenishing drinks that can help restore electrolyte levels lost through sweat.


I remember a particularly hot and humid day when I decided to go for a run without paying much attention to my water intake. Big mistake. After the run, the muscle twitches kicked in, and I realized it was a hydration issue.

This should come as no surprise, but running in the sweltering heat and humidity can turn you into a sweat factory. You lose water and essential minerals, and it messes up your muscles and nerves.

To maintain proper hydration, consider the following tips:

  • Before the Run: Start hydrating well in advance of your run. Ensure you drink fluids throughout the day to stay properly hydrated.
  • During the Run: For longer runs, carry water with you or plan your route around water sources to stay hydrated during your workout.
  • Pay attention: watch out for signs like increased thirst, fatigue, dark urine, and dizziness. When those signals pop up, know it’s time to hydrate.
  • After the Run: Rehydrate by drinking water and fluids that replenish electrolytes. It’s crucial to not just quench your thirst but also ensure you’re fully rehydrated.

Muscle Fatigue and Overuse

Although muscle twitching can strike anytime, another possible cause is overtraining.

Let me explain. Running hard and heavy can lead to microscopic muscle fiber damage. As they repair and adapt, you might experience twitching – it’s like your muscles are saying, “Hey, give us a break!”

What’s more?

Muscle fatigue can mess with neural signals, causing involuntary contractions. Muscles need oxygen, and overexertion can deplete the body’s oxygen supply.

To address muscle twitching related to fatigue and overuse, consider the following solutions:

  • Rest and Recovery: Ensure you have adequate rest days between intense workouts to allow your muscles time to repair and strengthen.
  • Balanced Training: Incorporate cross-training into your routine to avoid overusing specific muscle groups. Diversifying your workouts reduces the risk of muscle twitching due to overuse.
  • Listen to Your Body: Pay attention to your body’s signals and avoid pushing yourself too hard. Gradually progress in your training to build strength and endurance without overexertion.

Tackle Poor Circulation:

Dealing with muscle twitches after your runs? It could be your body’s quirky way of saying it needs a little extra care.

Cooling down properly is key. Don’t just stop dead in your tracks after a run. Ease out of it with some light jogging or walking, followed by stretches focusing on your legs. It’s like giving your muscles a gentle goodbye hug, helping blood flow back where it needs to go.

Keep an Eye on Your Blood Sugar:

Running on an empty tank, especially in the blood sugar department, can lead to twitching. Fueling up with 30-60 grams of carbs about an hour before your run can keep things steady. If you’re going long or hard, a sports drink mid-run can be a clutch move to keep your glucose levels stable.

Fuel Smart:

Twitches can also be a nudge that you’re not feeding the machine right. Aim for a balanced plate a few hours before you head out—lean proteins, carbs, and some healthy fats. And maybe skip that pre-run spicy taco, tempting as it may be, to keep your stomach and muscles happy.

Curbing Muscle Spasms

Did you know that dodging muscle spasms is often within our control? Yep, simple things like eating right, keeping hydrated, and not pushing your muscles too hard can make a big difference. And, you’ve probably heard athletes talk about their own little hacks, like chugging Pedialyte or snacking on bananas, to keep those cramps at bay.

Schwab’s got some cool tips up his sleeve for dealing with muscle spasms, too:

  • Foam rolling: This is all about giving yourself a mini-massage to smooth out the kinks and tension in your muscles.
  • Cupping: This old-school method uses cups to suck onto your skin, aiming to get the blood flowing and muscles chillaxing.
  • Trigger release: It’s like hitting the reset button on your muscles through targeted massage spots to ease the tension.

But hey, if you’ve tried all the right moves – eating well, staying on top of your hydration game, and giving your muscles some R&R – and those spasms just won’t quit, it might be time to chat with your doc. Schwab mentions that sometimes, certain meds, like blood thinners, could be the culprits behind those nagging spasms.

When to Seek Medical Attention:

While most muscle twitching after a run is harmless, there are times when you should consult a doctor. Here are some guidelines on when to consult a doctor:

  • Persistent Symptoms: If muscle twitching continues despite taking preventive measures, it may be a good idea to consult a healthcare professional for a thorough evaluation.
  • Widespread Twitching: If twitching occurs in multiple muscle groups or significantly disrupts your daily life could signal underlying issues.
  • Muscle Weakness: If muscle twitching is accompanied by noticeable muscle weakness, it could indicate an underlying problem that requires medical assessment.
  • Disrupted Sleep: If muscle twitching affects the quality or duration of your sleep, it’s a valid reason to consider seeking medical consultation.


Ultimately, understanding the causes and prevention strategies for muscle twitching after running is essential for maintaining your well-being as a runner.

By maintaining a balanced approach to diet, hydration, training, and lifestyle, you can minimize the occurrence of post-run twitching and enjoy your runs with greater comfort and confidence.

Remember to listen to your body, and when in doubt, seek medical advice to ensure your running experience remains enjoyable and free of unnecessary concerns.

Mastering the Art of Pacing in Trail Races: A Runner’s Guide

If you’re anything like me, you’ve probably found yourself, at some point, in the midst of a breathtakingly beautiful but brutally challenging trail race, thinking, “How on earth should I pace myself through this?”

Well, you’re not alone.

The fact is, trail racing isn’t a walk—nor a hike—in the park. It’s actually a dance with the wild, complete with all its twists, turns, and elevation surprises. It throws at you a mix of steep climbs and daring descents that flat-road racing doesn’t even come close to.

For these reasons (and some more), mastering the art of pacing in trail races is a game-changer. Unlike the predictable strides on flat roads, trail running is all about knowing when to power up, when to cruise, and when to hold back.

Sounds confusing? I know, but worry no more.

In today’s article, I’m here to guide you through the art of pacing like a pro on the trails. From tackling the gnarly climbs to cruising down those descents, I’ll share strategies and insights to help you keep your energy levels balanced and your spirits high, no matter the terrain.

Sounds like a great deal?

Then let’s get started.

Understanding the Challenge of Elevation in Trail Racing

I’ll never forget my first foray into trail racing. A few years ago, I was about to tackle my first major hill during my very first trail race—the Bromo half marathon. It quickly dawned on me that my usual running pace wouldn’t cut it here. This was more than just a physical climb; it was a mental torture. Every step upwards tested my endurance, my muscles screaming in protest on every step.

But what goes up must come down, right? Descending was a whole other beast. It was less about energy burn and more about trying not to tumble down like a runaway boulder. My knees and quads were on overtime, trying to keep me upright and in control.

I quickly realized that trail racing is nothing like the road escapades I was used to.

In fact, that day I had to learn to toss my road-racing playbook out the window. On the trails, it’s all about effort, not pace. That first steep incline taught me to listen to my body, to find a rhythm that felt sustainable, even if it meant moving at a snail’s pace.

And then there was the terrain. From mud that sucked at your shoes to rocks that threatened to trip you at every turn, the trail was a constantly changing puzzle. I learned to read the ground ahead, adjusting my stride and pace on the fly.

Let me explain more.

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Why is Pacing A Trail Race Is Tricky?

I hate to state the obvious but pacing a trail race is a whole different ball game compared to a road race. Unlike the predictability of road races, where sticking to a specific pace guarantees a certain finishing time, trail races throw a plethora of variables into the mix. Here’s why pacing a trail race is more challenging:

  • Terrain: Trail races cover diverse terrains, from muddy paths to rocky trails, snowy sections to sandy stretches. Each type of terrain demands different energy expenditure and affects your pace differently.
  • Greater fatigue: The rugged terrain and longer duration of trail races lead to increased fatigue, both physical and mental. It’s essential to pace yourself conservatively to avoid hitting the wall prematurely.
  • Weather: Unlike road races where you might be shielded by buildings, trail races expose you to the elements. Weather conditions like wind, rain, and sun can significantly impact your pace and performance.
  • Increased risk of mishaps: Spending extended hours on your feet in remote wilderness areas means there’s a higher chance of things going wrong, from getting lost to suffering from injuries or fatigue-related issues.
  • Fueling and hydration: Trail races often take you far from aid stations, making fueling and hydration strategies more critical and challenging to execute. It’s essential to find a balance between carrying enough supplies and not weighing yourself down.

Given these challenges, pacing a trail race requires a different approach. It’s about listening to your body, adapting to the conditions, and being prepared for the unexpected. Let’s dive into some strategies for pacing a trail race effectively.

Race Day Pacing Tips

Race day brought its own set of challenges, a culmination of training, strategy, and mental preparation.

Here’s how I approach it:

Know The Course

The first order of business? Familiarize yourself with the course. It’s like studying a map before setting off on an adventure. I pore over every twist and turn, noting the ups and downs along the way. Understanding the course helps me plan my pacing, ensuring I’m ready for whatever terrain lies ahead.

Develop a Smart Strategy:

Imagine yourself plotting out the course, pinpointing those sneaky uphill climbs that are notorious for draining your energy quicker than a leaky faucet. The golden rule here? Start off with a cool head and a steady pace. It’s like you’re easing into a warm bath rather than jumping into a cold pool – keep it smooth and save some of that fiery energy for the hurdles waiting down the road.

Now, I know it’s tempting to turn it into a sprint from the get-go, especially when you see everyone else zipping past you. But here’s a piece of friendly advice: leave your ego at the starting line. Running isn’t about outpacing the person next to you in the first mile; it’s about finding that sweet, sustainable rhythm that feels like you’re in sync with the universe.

Ever thought about hiking those first few miles instead of running them into the ground? It might sound a bit unconventional, especially when you see your competitors darting ahead, creating that early gap. But trust me, it’s like playing the long game. And finishing strong? That’s a victory in my book.


Visualize Success:

Mental prep is just as important as physical training, if not more so. I spend time visualizing the course, picturing myself conquering each segment with ease. This mental rehearsal builds confidence and helps me stay focused when the going gets tough.

By the time race day rolls around, I’ve already run the course a hundred times in my mind, so I know exactly what to expect and how to handle it.

Finding Your Ideal Starting Pace

Kicking off a long-distance trail race at the right pace is crucial. I’ve been that runner who bolts out of the gate, only to pay for it later.

Now, I rely on my heart rate monitor and a good sense of my current fitness to find a comfortable pace that I can hold onto. It’s about running your own race, not getting swept up in the adrenaline of the start.

That’s why I opt for a conservative start—easing into the race allows my body to adjust gradually and saves my energy for the later stages.

Breaking It Down:

I find it helpful to break the race into smaller, more manageable segments. It’s almost like setting mental checkpoints along the way.

This not only helps with pacing but also gives me little victories to celebrate, keeping my spirits high and my focus sharp. Viewing the race as a series of smaller challenges makes the overall distance feel more attainable.

Don’t Follow The Crowd

Being strong doesn’t necessarily mean pushing your pace to the max from the get-go. It’s more about having that ace up your sleeve, that extra burst of energy saved for just the right moment, instead of going all out and just trying to hang on for dear life. The real race begins in the second half. That’s when you make your move, when the real magic happens.

And here’s something interesting – try not to get caught up in racing against others too early on. A study from 2016 threw light on something called “herd behavior,” which basically means we might end up adopting a pace that doesn’t really suit us when we try to keep up with the pack.

It’s a pacing trap!

However, as the race progresses into its latter stages, feel free to let that competitive spirit loose.

Racing against others in the second half can be a huge motivational boost. It’s like getting a second wind – suddenly, you’re not just running; you’re racing, and every overtaken competitor can feel like a mini victory.


Using Competitors’ Pace:

Leading the pack isn’t always the best strategy in a race. I’ve found that observing the pace of those around me can be a valuable guide. If the group’s pace feels too aggressive early on, hold back, conserve your energy for the later stages.

Conversely, running alongside faster competitors has pushed me to maintain a pace I might not have attempted solo. It’s a delicate balance, knowing when to take the lead and when to follow the pack.


In ultra-marathons, adaptability is paramount. Despite meticulous planning, races are full of surprises. Weather conditions can change, your body may react differently than expected, and the terrain might present unforeseen challenges.

Being ready to adjust your pacing, nutrition, and hydration strategies on the fly is a hallmark of seasoned ultra-runners.

Fuel Up:

Your nutrition and hydration strategy are critical in ultra-marathons, acting as your lifeline to keep your body fueled and prevent energy depletion. Crafting a personalized nutrition plan is essential, focusing on a mix of easily digestible carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.

Finding what works best for you, whether it’s gels, bars, or whole foods, and timing your intake to maintain steady energy levels is key.

Hydrate, Then Hydrate Some More:

Hydration is equally vital, especially in challenging conditions like high altitudes where dehydration is a real risk. I prioritize pre-hydration and keep a water bottle and gels within reach during the race to stay hydrated.

However, it’s not just about carrying fluids; it’s about understanding your body’s needs, the race conditions, and planning your refills strategically to avoid both dehydration and overhydration, which can both derail your race.

Listen to Your Body

Remember, there’s no one-size-fits-all pace that guarantees a win. It’s more about tuning into your body’s own signals – kind of like keeping an eye on a car’s tachometer to avoid pushing the engine into the red zone.

Your body knows its limits; it whispers hints and nudges about when to push harder or when to pull back. So, listen closely to those intrinsic cues, and let them guide you to your personal best. It’s not just about crossing the finish line; it’s about how you run the race.


The art of pacing in trail running is a journey that knows no end. With each race and every trail, I gain new insights, refining my strategy and deepening my appreciation for this demanding yet beautiful sport.

Mastering pacing in trail racing hasn’t come without its challenges. It’s been a journey of trial and error, with a few instances of starting too fast and hitting the infamous “bonk” on remote trails.

Yet, with each race and every run, I’ve grown. I’ve learned to respect the mountains, to both fear and relish the descents, and to embrace the unpredictable nature of trail running.

Running on Magnesium Citrate vs Glycinate for Athletes

Running VS. Strength Training

In the quest for optimal performance, every runner knows that the devil is in the details—nutrition, recovery, and supplementation play pivotal roles in breaking through personal barriers. Among the myriad of supplements crowding the market, magnesium stands out for its critical function in athlete performance and recovery.

However, with various forms of magnesium available, choosing the right one can be overwhelming. This brings us to a common question among the running community: magnesium citrate vs glycinate—which is better for athletes?

Understanding Magnesium’s Role in Running

The Importance of Magnesium for Athletes

Magnesium is a powerhouse mineral essential for over 300 biochemical reactions in the body, including muscle function, energy production, and the regulation of blood pressure. For runners, magnesium’s ability to improve oxygen uptake and decrease lactic acid buildup can mean the difference between a personal best and a painful cramp.

Why the Type of Magnesium Matters

Not all magnesium supplements are created equal. The body’s ability to absorb and utilize magnesium depends significantly on the form it’s ingested in. This is where magnesium citrate and magnesium glycinate come into play, offering two of the most bioavailable options for athletes.

Magnesium Citrate vs Glycinate

To make an informed decision, let’s dive into the specifics of magnesium citrate and magnesium glycinate, examining their benefits, drawbacks, and optimal uses for runners.

Magnesium Citrate: The Energy Booster

Magnesium citrate is a combination of magnesium and citric acid. Known for its laxative properties, it’s also highly effective in improving digestion and preventing constipation—a common issue among athletes pushing their limits.


  • Enhanced Absorption: Easily absorbed by the body, making it a quick solution for replenishing magnesium levels.
  • Energy Production: Assists in the conversion of food into energy, vital for long-distance runners.


  • Laxative Effect: While beneficial for digestive health, its laxative properties can be a drawback for some athletes, especially before a race.

Magnesium Glycinate: The Recovery Aid

Magnesium glycinate combines magnesium with glycine, a calming amino acid. This form is praised for its benefits on sleep, recovery, and muscle health, making it a favorite among athletes for post-workout supplementation.


  • Muscle Relaxation and Recovery: Helps in muscle repair and recovery, reducing soreness and the risk of cramps.
  • Improved Sleep Quality: The calming effect of glycine aids in achieving restorative sleep, crucial for athlete recovery.


  • Cost: Typically more expensive than magnesium citrate due to its specialized formulation.

Which Magnesium Is Right for You?

Running Performance and Magnesium Citrate

For runners focused on optimizing energy levels and maintaining a healthy digestive system, magnesium citrate can be an excellent addition to their supplementation regimen. It’s especially useful for athletes who struggle with magnesium deficiency or those looking to improve their metabolic efficiency.

Recovery and Magnesium Glycinate

If recovery, muscle health, and sleep quality are your primary concerns, magnesium glycinate might be the better choice. Its ability to promote relaxation and reduce muscle soreness can significantly enhance recovery times, making it ideal for runners in intensive training cycles or those recovering from injury.

Incorporating Magnesium into Your Running Routine

Regardless of the form you choose, integrating magnesium into your supplementation routine requires a thoughtful approach. Here are some tips for getting started:

  • Consult a Healthcare Professional: Before adding any supplement to your regimen, it’s essential to consult with a healthcare provider, especially if you have underlying health conditions.
  • Start Slow: Begin with a lower dose to assess your body’s response and adjust as needed.
  • Monitor Your Body: Pay attention to how your body reacts. If you experience adverse effects, consider adjusting the dosage or trying a different form of magnesium.


The debate between magnesium citrate vs glycinate is not about finding a one-size-fits-all solution but understanding which form aligns best with your specific athletic needs and goals.

Whether you’re looking to boost your energy levels for that marathon or enhance your recovery after a rigorous training session, magnesium can be a game-changer in your running performance and overall well-being.

By making an informed choice between magnesium citrate and glycinate, you empower yourself to run not just harder, but smarter, paving the way for greater achievements on the track and beyond.

The Runner’s Guide to Understanding Metabolism and Energy

For runners, understanding the intricacies of metabolism and energy production is not just about enhancing performance; it’s about optimizing the very engine that powers every stride, sprint, and marathon.

The connection between running, metabolism, and energy is a symbiotic one, with each element influencing and enhancing the other. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll dive into the complexities of metabolism and how runners can harness their energy systems to achieve peak performance.

Understanding Metabolism in Running

Metabolism is the biochemical process that converts food into the energy our bodies need to sustain life and fuel physical activities. For runners, this means the better your metabolism works, the more efficiently you can produce and utilize energy, directly impacting your running performance and endurance.

The Two Types of Metabolic Processes

  • Aerobic Metabolism. Uses oxygen to convert nutrients from food into energy. This process is crucial for long-distance running, where endurance and efficiency are key.
  • Anaerobic Metabolism. Generates energy quickly but without the use of oxygen, creating a byproduct called lactate. This pathway is vital for short, high-intensity runs where speed is the goal.

How Running Affects Metabolism

Regular running can significantly enhance your metabolic rate, not only during the activity but also at rest. This phenomenon, known as the “afterburn effect” or excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC), means your body continues to burn calories at a higher rate even after you’ve finished your run.

running in the sun

Boosting Your Metabolic Efficiency

To improve metabolic efficiency, runners should focus on:

  • Consistency. Regular running sessions increase metabolic rate over time.
  • Intensity. Incorporating intervals or sprints can enhance the EPOC effect.
  • Recovery. Allowing your body to recover properly ensures sustained metabolic health.

Fueling Your Run: Energy Systems and Nutrition

The food you consume plays a pivotal role in fueling your runs and supporting your metabolism. Understanding how to nourish your body can make a significant difference in your energy levels and performance.

The Role of Macronutrients

  • Carbohydrates. The primary source of energy for runners, carbohydrates are quickly converted into glucose and stored as glycogen in muscles and the liver.
  • Proteins. Essential for muscle repair and recovery, proteins help maintain and build lean muscle mass, crucial for metabolic health.
  • Fatty acids. A vital energy source for long-distance running, fats are metabolized more slowly, providing a steady energy supply.

Foods Good for Metabolism

Incorporating metabolism-boosting foods into your diet can enhance your running performance and overall health. These include lean proteins, whole grains, and a variety of fruits and vegetables that supply the nutrients your body needs to function optimally.

Additionally, foods rich in iron and magnesium support energy production and muscle function, two critical aspects for runners.

For runners looking to give their metabolism an extra boost, incorporating supplements like metabolic greens might be beneficial. These supplements are designed to support metabolic health by providing a concentrated dose of nutrients, antioxidants, and natural metabolism enhancers derived from green vegetables and fruits.

Hydration and Metabolism

Hydration plays a crucial role in maintaining metabolic health. Water is essential for various metabolic processes, including energy production and temperature regulation during runs. Ensuring adequate hydration before, during, and after running is vital for optimal metabolic function and performance.

The Importance of Rest and Recovery

While running and nutrition significantly impact metabolism and energy, rest and recovery are equally important. Adequate sleep and rest days allow the body to repair, rebuild, and strengthen, contributing to improved metabolic health and running performance.

Listening to Your Body

Understanding the signals your body sends is crucial for balancing training, nutrition, and recovery. Symptoms like prolonged fatigue, irritability, or decreased performance may indicate the need for more rest or nutritional adjustments.


The relationship between running, metabolism, and energy is a dynamic interplay that requires attention to training, nutrition, and recovery. By understanding how to effectively fuel and recover your body, you can enhance your metabolic efficiency, improve your running performance, and enjoy the myriad health benefits that running offers.

Remember, every runner’s body is unique, and what works for one may not work for another. Therefore, it’s important to listen to your body, experiment with your nutrition and training, and find what best supports your metabolic health and running goals.

Why You Should Run a 5K Race

If you’re still on the fence about taking on a 5K, let me share my personal journey and experiences with you. Believe me, by the end of this article, you’ll be lacing up those sneakers and ready to hit the pavement.

Here’s the deal: The 5K race isn’t just any race; it’s the sweet spot of the running world. It’s the distance that beckons newcomers and challenges the seasoned pros.

In this article, we’re diving deep into what makes the 5K so darn appealing. We’ll show you how to make the most of it, whether you’re running for a cause, aiming for a personal milestone, or just basking in the sheer joy of running.

Excited? Well, let’s lace up those sneakers and dive right in.

Manageable for Beginners:

First things first, the 5K is where it all began for me. It’s like the welcome mat to the world of running. At 3.1 miles, it’s short enough to be approachable, but don’t let that fool you; it packs a punch.

I vividly remember my first attempt. It was anything but a walk in the park. I struggled, sweated, and gasped for breath. But when I crossed that finish line, the sense of accomplishment was overwhelming. That’s what makes the 5K so incredibly rewarding for beginners.

Gradual Progression:

Beginners can start with walk-run intervals and gradually increase running time, making it achievable even for those with limited running experience.

Minimal Time Commitment:

Unlike longer races that require extensive training, a 5K is time-efficient. You can complete the entire process—showing up, warming up, racing, and cooling down—in less than 60-90 minutes.

No Complex Preparations:

There’s no need for extensive carbo-loading, tapering, or specialized nutrition before or after the race, simplifying the preparation process.

Inclusive for All Fitness Levels:

One of the remarkable things about the 5K is its inclusivity. It’s like a universal running party where everyone’s invited. It doesn’t matter if you’re a rookie runner taking your first steps or a seasoned athlete looking for a new challenge. There’s a place for you in the 5K community.


Many 5K races allow strollers, making them family-friendly events that provide an opportunity for running parents to participate and bond with the running community.

Enjoyable Experience:

Running a 5K is not just about the race itself; it’s also about the journey. You’ll have the chance to connect with fellow runners, share your experiences, and enjoy the supportive running community.

Sense of Achievement:

For me, crossing the finish line of a 5K isn’t just a physical achievement; it’s a mental one too. Whether you’re aiming for a personal record (PR) or simply running for the sheer joy of it, each 5K is a chance to set and surpass your own milestones.

Ideal for Group Runs:

5K races are often the perfect setting for group runs with friends or running clubs, making the experience even more enjoyable.

Customized Approach:

Recognize that there’s no one-size-fits-all training plan. Begin your search by identifying your current fitness level and running experience.

Integration with Existing Schedule:

The beauty of a 5K is its flexibility within your training schedule. You don’t need an extensive taper before the race, allowing you to continue your regular workouts early in the week and recover a few days before the 5K.

Short Recovery Period:

After completing a 5K race, your body typically requires only a short recovery period. A day or two of easy running can have you back on track with your training for other goal distances.

Balancing Mileage:

If you run a couple of warm-up and cool-down miles on race day, you can still accumulate 8-10 miles, maintaining your weekly mileage goal.

Speed and Performance:

Experienced runners can use 5K races as an opportunity to challenge themselves and aim for personal bests. It’s a unique blend of sprinting intensity and endurance, testing how fast you can sustain your pace over a relatively short distance.

Pushing Boundaries:

The 5K offers seasoned runners a platform to excel in speed and performance, making it an exciting addition to your racing portfolio.

Community Events:

5K races often double as community events, attracting a diverse crowd of participants. They provide an inclusive atmosphere where people of all ages, fitness levels, and backgrounds come together to run.

Charitable Connections:

Many 5Ks are associated with charities or local causes, allowing you to run with a sense of purpose and contribute to meaningful initiatives.

Connect with Others:

If you’re not a fan of running solo, participating in races can help you connect with other runners in your area. It’s an excellent way to discover more events, group runs, and running clubs near you.

Group Endeavors:

If you have running friends, consider selecting a 5K race that you can tackle together. The shared experience adds an extra layer of enjoyment to the event.

Like a Heart Workout:

Training for a 5K provides a cardiovascular challenge that strengthens your heart and enhances its efficiency. It’s a path to a healthier heart.

Sculpting Your Body:

The process of training for and running a 5K can be an effective way to shed excess weight and tone your muscles. Each stride contributes to shaping your body.

Rhythm of Fitness:

Preparing for a 5K encourages the development of a regular exercise habit. It sets the rhythm for a consistent and healthy fitness routine.

Natural Stress-Buster:

Running serves as a natural stress-reliever. The release of endorphins during a run acts as nature’s antidepressant, lifting your mood and melting away stress.

Running at Full Speed:

Regardless of your pace, participating in a 5K allows you to run faster and harder than in regular training sessions. It offers a refreshing change of pace and serves as a fitness gauge.

Local Community Races:

Most 5Ks are small, community-oriented events. This means you enjoy a quick commute to the start line, minimal road congestion, affordable entry fees (often under $20), a smaller participant pool (increasing your chance of placing in age groups or overall), and convenient parking options.

Supporting Local Causes:

Many 5K races contribute their proceeds to local charities or causes, allowing you to run with a purpose and support your community.

Social Connections:

5K races are social hotspots, where you can connect with individuals who share your passion for running and overall well-being. It’s akin to joining a club of like-minded enthusiasts.

Pushing Boundaries:

Each 5K race is an opportunity to challenge yourself and discover the extent of your capabilities. It’s a personal test, posing questions like “How far can I go?” or “How fast can I be?”

Smart Training:

When it comes to training, there’s no one-size-fits-all approach. Whether you’re a beginner or a seasoned pro, the 5K allows you to tailor your training to your specific goals.

For beginners, it might mean incorporating walk-run intervals to build endurance gradually. Seasoned runners, on the other hand, can focus on speed work and pushing their limits.

Boosted Self-Esteem:

Crossing the finish line of a 5K, whether it’s your first or fastest, elevates your confidence and self-esteem. It signifies the achievement of physical and internal goals, reinforcing the belief that “I did it!”

The Big 6: A Deep Dive into the World’s Most Iconic Marathons

Are you ready to dive into the world of the World Marathon Majors? Then you’re in the place.

In a world where more than 800 marathons happen every year, only six shine as brightly as the stars with the prestigious title of World Marathon Major. But let’s not just talk about titles; these six races are a celebration of human endurance, a showcase of grit and determination that pushes the limits of what we believe is possible.

Imagine this: from elite athletes to ambitious amateurs like me, these marathons draw thousands of runners who conquer the daunting 42.195 km through some of the most iconic city streets you can possibly imagine.

In today’s article, I’m diving deep into the Big 6. I’ll share with you the stories behind these marathons, from their storied pasts to their awe-inspiring routes.

Are you excited? I know I am. So, let’s set off on this incredible marathon journey together!

The Genesis of World Marathon Majors

The World Marathon Majors (WMM) is a series that marks a pivotal moment in the history of long-distance running. Initiated in 2006, it aimed to bring the sport of marathon running into the global spotlight, providing a competitive platform for the world’s elite runners across six of the most renowned and challenging marathons.

The Core Objectives

There are several core objectives of World Marathon Majors, including:

  • To elevate the profile of marathon running by showcasing the elite competition among the world’s best male and female marathoners.
  • To celebrate the unique characteristics and diversity of each marathon course, highlighting the cultural and historical significance of the host cities.
  • To inspire runners of all levels around the globe, encouraging participation in marathon running and promoting a healthy and active lifestyle.

How Many World Majors Are There?

There are six prestigious races that comprise the World Marathon Majors, representing some of the most renowned and celebrated marathons globally.  These consist of:

  1. Boston Marathon
  2. London Marathon
  3. Berlin Marathon
  4. Chicago Marathon
  5. New York City Marathon
  6. Tokyo Marathon

These six races are a magnet for over 30,000 runners each, from first-timers to the elites, all drawn by the chance to run in some of the world’s most vibrant cities. But there’s a catch—getting a bib isn’t easy. With demand sky-high, spots are gold dust, often distributed through lotteries, charity slots, and qualifying times, making entry a victory in itself.

And here’s where it gets even cooler: finish all six, and you’re not just a marathoner; you’re a Six Star Finisher. That’s right, you join the elite club of runners who’ve conquered the globe on foot, earning not just an epic medal but also endless bragging rights and a story for the ages.

Without further ado, let’s dive into event in greater details.

How To Prepare For Your Best Running Race

The Historic Boston Marathon

The Boston Marathon is not just one of the oldest annual marathons; it’s the oldest. Imagine a race so steeped in history, it takes you back to the very roots of marathon running. Born in 1897, just a year after the marathon’s revival at the 1896 Athens Olympics, Boston’s own has been a springtime staple, celebrated every third Monday in April, aligning with Patriots’ Day.

Breaking into this exclusive club was a man affair for a long time. Until 1966, it was a men-only event, until Roberta Gibb shattered that barrier, running incognito to finish in 3:21:40. Fast forward to 1972, and the gates officially opened for women, setting the stage for generations of fierce and inspiring female runners.

But what really sets the Boston Marathon apart? It’s the golden ticket of marathon running, thanks to its strict qualifying times. This isn’t just any race; it’s the marathoner’s Everest, requiring proof of your mettle in prior races, filtered by age and gender. The prestige of making the cut? Unmatched.

The course itself is a legend. Starting at Hopkinton State Park and snaking through picturesque New England towns, it offers a scenic yet brutal challenge, culminating in the infamous Heartbreak Hill. This isn’t just a race; it’s a narrative of hills, towns, and landmarks, each with its own story, from the Ashland Clock Tower to the Forever Young statue, paying homage to the indomitable spirit of Johnny Kelley, who crossed this marathon’s finish line 61 times.

Here are some facts about the Boston Marathon:

  • Impressive Turnout: In 2022, the Boston Marathon had 30,000 runners, resembling a small town’s population participating in the event.
  • Katherine Switzer’s Milestone: In 1967, Katherine Switzer became the first woman to run the Boston Marathon, leading to official female participation by 1972.
  • Non-Official Records: The Boston Marathon’s course records are not officially recognized by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF).

Course Records:

  • Geoffrey Mutai (Kenya) set the men’s record in 2011 with a time of 2:03:02.
  • Bezunesh Deba (Ethiopia) set the women’s record in 2014 with a time of 2:19:59.
  • Marcel Hug (Switzerland) set the men’s wheelchair record in 2017 with a time of 1:18:03.
  • Manuela Schar (Switzerland) set the women’s wheelchair record in 2019 with a time of 1:34:19.

World Records:

  • Suh Yun-bok (Republic of Korea) set a world record in 1947 with a time of 2:25:39.
  • Joan Benoit (USA) set a women’s world record in 1983 with a time of 2:22:43.

The London Marathon

The London Marathon is a masterpiece of marathon racing, combining a scenic route with a rich tapestry of history, charity, and vibrant energy.

This event isn’t just a race; it’s a dynamic journey through the very essence of London, offering more than just a finish line to cross.

From the moment you toe the line in Greenwich Park, with the Royal Observatory and the Prime Meridian Line as your backdrop, the adventure begins. The course takes you on a scenic tour of London, where each step brings you face-to-face with iconic landmarks.

The majestic Tower Bridge, the flowing River Thames, the Tower of London, the Shard, and the Cutty Sark not only enrich your run with breathtaking views but also whisper centuries of history with each mile.

The heart and soul of the London Marathon can be traced back to Chris Brasher, a gold medalist who, inspired by the communal and competitive spirit of the New York City Marathon, envisioned creating a race that would leave its own indelible mark on the world. His dream was not just about challenging the physical limits of the runners but also about weaving a deeper sense of community and philanthropy into the fabric of the marathon.

Here are some random facts about this marathon:

  • 40,000 Runners Unite: In 2022, a staggering 40,000 runners took to the streets of London, creating a mesmerizing spectacle of human determination.
  • The Elusive Race Bib: For non-UK residents, securing a race bib for the London Marathon is a challenging feat. The thrill of the chase adds to the adventure.
  • A Global Fundraising Behemoth: The London Marathon proudly wears the crown of the world’s largest annual fundraising event. It’s not just a run; it’s a force for good, raising billions for causes that touch hearts worldwide.
  • Record-Breaking Feats: Eliud Kipchoge’s lightning-fast 2:02:37 in 2019 set the men’s course record ablaze, while Paula Radcliffe’s blazing 2:15:25 in 2003 remains an emblem of women’s excellence.

The Berlin Marathon

The Berlin Marathon stands as a beacon of speed in the marathon world, renowned for its ability to produce record-breaking times. Its reputation as the fastest Marathon Major course is well-earned, with a flat and forgiving terrain that seems to whisper encouragement to every runner’s stride.

This marathon is a magnet for those looking to set personal bests, break world records, and turn their running dreams into reality.

Dubbed the speedster’s paradise, Berlin has witnessed the birth of 12 world records, making it a pivotal stage for historic running achievements.

The streets of Berlin have seen the likes of Eliud Kipchoge, who set an astonishing men’s world record of 2:01:09, showcasing the marathon as a battleground where time itself is the adversary. It’s the place where ambition meets pace, and where every kilometer can lead to a new record.

The marathon, celebrated on the last weekend of September, offers more than just a race; it’s a journey through Berlin’s storied past, starting and ending at the Brandenburg Gate, a symbol of unity.

Since its inception in 1974, initiated by Horst Milde, a local bakery owner, it has grown into a global phenomenon. The course serves as a living museum, passing landmarks like the Charlottenburg Palace, the Berlin Wall’s remnants, and the bustling Potsdamer Platz, blending historical gravitas with the exhilaration of the race.

Here are some random facts about this race:

  • Men’s Course Record: Eliud Kipchoge, Kenya, 2022 (2:01:09)
  • Women’s Course Record: Tigst Assefa, Ethiopia, 2022 (2:15:37)
  • Men’s Wheelchair Course Record: Heinz Frei, Switzerland, 1997 (1:21:39)
  • Women’s Wheelchair Course Record: Manuela Schar, Switzerland, 2018 (1:36:53)

Men’s World Records Set at Berlin Marathon:

    • Eliud Kipchoge, Kenya, 2022 (2:01:09)
    • Eliud Kipchoge, Kenya, 2018 (2:01:39)
    • Dennis Kipruto Kimetto, Kenya, 2014 (2:02:57)
    • Wilson Kipsang Kiprotich, Kenya, 2013 (2:03:23)
    • Patrick Makau Musyoki, Kenya, 2011 (2:03:38)
    • Haille Gebrselassie, Ethiopia, 2008 (2:03:59)
    • Haille Gebrselassie, Ethiopia, 2007 (2:04:26)
    • Paul Tergat, Kenya, 2003 (2:04:55)
    • Ronaldo da Costa, Brazil, 1998 (2:06:05)

Women’s World Records Set at Berlin Marathon:

    • Takahashi Naoko, Japan, 2001 (2:19:46)
    • Tegla Loroupe, Kenya, 1999 (2:20:43)
    • Christa Vahlensieck, West Germany, 1977 (2:34:48)

Number of Runners (2022): 40,000 participants took part in this grand event.

The Chicago Marathon

Nestled within the rich mosaic of marathon lore, the Chicago Marathon shines brightly as a beacon of endurance and celebration. Originating in its present form in 1977 with just 4,200 participants, it has blossomed into a colossal event, drawing nearly 40,000 runners from across the globe to the heart of the Windy City.

This isn’t merely a race; it’s a monumental 42.195 km journey that both starts and concludes in the scenic Grant Park, encapsulating the essence of Chicago in every stride.

This marathon offers an unparalleled sightseeing tour, weaving through historic districts, serene parks, and along the shores of Lake Michigan, immersing runners in the diverse beauty of the city.

Beyond the personal achievements of the runners, the Chicago Marathon serves as a vital heartbeat for the city, energizing the local economy and community. Spectators line the streets, creating a festive atmosphere that echoes the city’s welcoming nature and vibrant spirit.

Speed is another hallmark of the Chicago course, akin to its counterparts in Berlin and London. The flat terrain has been the stage for record-breaking performances, most notably Brigid Kosgei’s astonishing world record in 2019.

Such feats underscore the marathon’s potential for athletes to push beyond their limits and etch their names into the annals of running history.

Yet, Chicago’s unpredictable winds add a unique challenge, living up to its “Windy City” nickname. The flat course, while favorable for fast times, offers no shelter from the capricious elements, adding a thrilling layer of complexity to the race.

Here some facts about the Chicago marathon:

  1. 40,000 runners participated in the 2022 Chicago Marathon.
  2. The Chicago Marathon’s “modern” version, as we know it today, began officially in 1977, and the 2017 edition marked its 40th anniversary.
  3. The event boasts an estimated 1.7 million on-course spectators.
  4. Official website:

Course Records: 5. Men’s Course Record: Dennis Kimetto, Kenya, 2013 (2:03:45)

  1. Women’s Course Record: Brigid Kosgei, Kenya, 2019 (2:14:04)
  2. Men’s Wheelchair Course Record: Heinz Frei, Switzerland, 2010 (1:26:56)
  3. Women’s Wheelchair Course Record: Tatyana McFadden, USA, 2017 (1:39:15)

World Records: 9. Men’s World Records Set at the Chicago Marathon:

  • Khalid Khannouchi, Morocco, 1999 (2:05:42)
  • Steve Jones, Great Britain, 1984 (2:08:05)
  1. Women’s World Records Set at the Chicago Marathon:
    • Brigid Kosgei, Kenya, 2019 (2:14:04)
    • Paula Radcliffe, Great Britain, 2002 (2:17:17)
    • Catherine Ndereba, Kenya, 2001 (2:18:47)

The New York City Marathon

The New York City Marathon stands as the crown jewel of urban marathons, a testament to the scale and spirit of marathon running on a global stage.

From its modest inception in 1970, with just 127 competitors braving the start and only 55 crossing the finish line, to the breathtaking spectacle of 50,000 runners taking to the streets in recent years, this marathon has evolved into an unparalleled celebration of endurance, diversity, and unity.

Gary Muhrcke’s victory in the inaugural race set the stage for what would become a marathon like no other, a tradition further enriched when Anne Beth Bonner shattered the female world record just a year later.

This isn’t just a race; it’s a dynamic narrative of progress and passion, woven into the very fabric of New York City.

The course itself is a marvel, offering a panoramic tour of New York’s vibrant boroughs – Staten Island, Brooklyn, Queens, the Bronx, and Manhattan.

Each segment of the race unfolds against a backdrop of iconic landmarks and diverse neighborhoods, starting from the majestic Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge, winding through the streets, and culminating in the lush expanse of Central Park. The journey is not just about the physical distance but about experiencing the heartbeat of the city from a runner’s vantage point.

Here are some random facts about this marathon:

  • 47,000 runners participated in the 2022 New York City Marathon.
  • The initial route of the New York City Marathon was modified to run through the 5 “boroughs” of the city: Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, Bronx, and Staten Island.
  • Since its creation in 1970, there has only been one year in which it could not be held: 2012, due to Hurricane Sandy.

Course Records: 4. Men’s Course Record: Geoffrey Mutai, Kenya, 2011 (2:05:06)

  • Women’s Course Record: Margaret Okayo, Kenya, 2003 (2:22:31)
  • Men’s Wheelchair Course Record: Marcel Hug, Switzerland, 2022 (1:25:26)
  • Women’s Wheelchair Course Record: Susannah Scaroni, USA, 2022 (1:42:43)

World Records: Women’s World Records Set at the New York City Marathon:

  • Grete Waitz, Norway, 1980 (2:25:42)
  • Grete Waitz, Norway, 1979 (2:27:33)
  • Grete Waitz, Norway, 1978 (2:32:30)
  • Beth Bonner, USA, 1971 (2:55:22)

Number of Runners (2022): 9. 47,000 participants joined the New York City Marathon in 2022.

The Tokyo Marathon

The Tokyo Marathon, a vibrant fusion of Tokyo’s ancient traditions and its futuristic skyline, holds a unique allure among the global running community. Since its inception in 2007, it quickly ascended to the ranks of the World Marathon Majors by 2012, a testament to its exceptional organization and the rich cultural experience it offers.

Despite being the youngest member of this elite group, the Tokyo Marathon has etched a significant mark on the world stage, drawing participants and spectators from every corner of the globe.

Envision the scene on the first Sunday in March: a diverse throng of runners converges in Tokyo, united by a shared passion and the anticipation of a race that bridges time — from the historic to the hyper-modern.

The marathon commences at the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building in Shinjuku, a towering testament to the city’s architectural advancements, setting the stage for a race that is as much a cultural journey as it is a physical challenge.

The course itself unfolds like a tapestry of Tokyo’s multifaceted personality. Participants navigate through the city’s eclectic neighborhoods, each offering a glimpse into the distinct character that defines them.

From the bustling streets of Shinjuku to the iconic Tokyo Tower and the tranquil beauty of the Asakusa district with its venerable Senso-ji Temple, runners are treated to a visual feast that encapsulates the essence of Tokyo’s rich history and its leap into the future.

Here are some facts about this marathon:

Tokyo Marathon in Numbers:

  1. Men’s Course Record: Eliud Kipchoge, Kenya, 2022 (2:02:40)
  2. Women’s Course Record: Brigid Kosgei, Kenya, 2022 (2:16:02)
  3. Men’s Wheelchair Course Record: Suzuki Tomoki, Japan, 2020 (1:21:52)
  4. Women’s Wheelchair Course Record: Kina Tsubasa, Japan, 2020 (1:40:00)

Number of Runners (2023): 5. 38,000 runners participated in the 2023 Tokyo Marathon.

Will there Be A 7Th Major Marathon?

While the answer is still awaiting confirmation, The Sydney Marathon has thrown its hat into the ring as a candidate race for the prestigious Abbott World Marathon Majors. If successful, it would mark a significant milestone as the first marathon in Oceania to join this elite club.

But Sydney isn’t alone in this pursuit. Two other marathon events, South Africa’s Sanlam Cape Town Marathon and China’s Chengdu Marathon, are also vying for that coveted seventh spot. Cape Town would make history as the first major marathon in Africa, while Sydney would represent Oceania. And let’s not forget Chengdu; its inclusion would be a major win for Asia.

However, earning a place on this exclusive list is no easy feat. These cities must undergo a rigorous 3-year evaluation process, ensuring that they meet the high standards and criteria set by the Abbott World Marathon Majors.

Unlock Your Running Potential: The Ultimate Guide to Calf Muscle Care

Ever wondered about the role your calves play in your running game? Well, you’re in the right place.

Think running is just about moving your legs? Think again! It’s a whole-body affair, where every muscle has its moment to shine. And let me tell you, your calves? They’re the powerhouse behind each push-off, the hidden springs in your steps—I can go on and on but I guess you get it.

In this article, I’m going to get up close and personal with your calf muscles. I’ll be your guide through the twists and turns of calf anatomy, unraveling the mysteries of how they work their magic as you pound the pavement. I’m also sharing a few tips on keeping these mighty muscles in top shape, so you can keep running faster, longer, and pain-free.

Sounds like a good idea?

Then let’s get started.

The Calves

Let’s kick off with a closer look at the anatomy of our calf muscles.

First, we have the gastrocnemius. This muscle is the prominent one you see as your calf. It’s a key player for quick, powerful movements. Located at the back of your leg, the gastrocnemius has two parts, or ‘heads’, that attach above the knee. It really comes into play when you’re on your tiptoes or flexing.

Next, meet the soleus. It’s not as visible but vital for endurance. This muscle lies under the gastrocnemius and attaches below the knee. It’s your go-to muscle for longer, steadier runs, thanks to its endurance capacity.

Both muscles join into the Achilles tendon, connecting to the heel bone. This is where the strength from your lower leg gets channeled to your foot and into each stride.

picture of bad running

The Functions

I learned about the importance of my calves the hard way. During a gruel 25K trail race, ignoring my calf strength led to a painful lesson and unwanted DNF.

Here’s what these muscles do for you:

  • Stance Phase: Picture this – your foot hits the ground. Here, your calf muscles, particularly the soleus, act as stabilizers for your ankle and support your body weight. They’re basically your body’s shock absorbers, softening the impact with each step.
  • Push-Off Phase: Now, as you’re about to lift your foot, your gastrocnemius and soleus contract forcefully, pushing against the ground. This is where you feel that powerful ‘spring’ in your step, propelling you forward and giving you that boost, much like the thrust from a diving board.
  • Stride Phase: In the airborne part of your stride, your calf muscles assist in lifting your foot (foot dorsiflexion). This action is key for a smooth landing and maintaining an efficient stride cycle.

Downsides of Weakness

I hate to sound like a broken record, but your calves do play a crucial role in your running performance. The gastrocnemius, with its noticeable bulge, and the soleus work in tandem. They’re the linchpins connecting your femur to the Achilles tendon, essential for a powerful stride.

But what happens when these muscles aren’t at their best? Weak or underperforming calf muscles can trigger a cascade of issues. Studies have highlighted that inadequate calf strength or functionality can lead to a series of injuries. Think of it as a chain reaction – one problem leading to another, causing pain and hindering your running journey.

Here are two of the most common issues in runners as a result of dysfunctional calves:

  • Calf Strains: Think of this condition as the runner’s equivalent of a sudden flat tire. A calf strain is essentially a tear in the muscle fibers, caused by overstretching or excessive use. It’s an abrupt halt to your running, potentially taking you off the track for a while.
  • Achilles Tendonitis: The Achilles tendon is the crucial link between your calf muscles and your heel. When overworked or excessively strained, this tendon can become inflamed, leading to tendonitis.

Calf Muscle Strength Training for Runners

Strengthening my calves has been a game-changer. Think of boosting your calf strength as turbocharging your running engine.

Here are some effective calf-strengthening exercises that are easy to incorporate into your routine:

Calf raises:

Stand tall and rise up onto your toes, feeling the burn in your calves. This exercise targets both the gastrocnemius and the soleus, building strength from the ground up.

Farmer’s walk on toes:

Grab a pair of dumbbells or any weighted objects, rise up onto your toes, and walk with purpose. This exercise not only strengthens your calves but also challenges your overall stability and coordination.

Toe lunges:

Take a lunge position, but this time, lift your front toes off the ground as you lower into the lunge. This exercise engages your calves in a new way, helping to improve their strength and flexibility.

Jump rope:

Embrace the nostalgic joy of jumping rope. Not only is it a fun cardiovascular exercise, but it also fires up your calves, giving them a dynamic workout. It’s like rediscovering the playful spirit of your childhood while toning those powerful calf muscles.

Dumbbell jump squat:

Grab a pair of dumbbells, assume a squat position, and explosively jump upward. As you land, focus on engaging your calves to absorb the impact. This exercise combines strength and power, taking your calves to new heights.

Integrating Calf Exercises into Your Training

Here is how to make the most out of calf training as a runner:

  • Frequency: Just like those speed workouts, calf exercises are essential but don’t need to be done daily. Aim for 2-3 times a week to see significant improvements.
  • Reps and Sets: Start with 2-3 sets of 10-15 reps for each exercise. As your calves get stronger, feel free to up the ante.
  • Balancing with Running: It’s all about harmony with your running schedule. These exercises fit well on your strength training days or as a post-run routine after an easy jog.

.Calf Muscle Flexibility and Mobility for Runners

After a calf injury sidelined me for longer than I’d wished, I learned the hard way about the importance of flexibility. Regular stretches and foam rolling are now non-negotiable in my routine. They keep my calves supple and ready for any challenge.

Here are few of my favorite stretches:

Standing Calf Stretch:

Think of this as your basic maintenance stretch. Place your hands on a wall, extend one leg back with the heel grounded, and lean forward. When you feel a gentle stretch in your calf, hold it there. It’s a simple yet effective way to keep those calves in check.

Downward Dog:

Borrowing from yoga, this pose isn’t just for flexibility – it’s a full-system check. It stretches both your gastrocnemius and soleus muscles simultaneously, ensuring they’re in top form.

Foam Rolling:

Rolling out your calves on a foam roller is akin to oiling the gears. It helps in improving muscle tissue quality and keeps your calves ready for action.

Incorporating Calf Care into Your Routine

Think of these exercises as the non-negotiable part of your running regimen. Just as you wouldn’t skip your pre-run warm-up, make sure you’re giving your calf muscles the attention they deserve. Regular stretching and mobility work are key to maintaining top-notch performance and leg health.

The Conclusion

Just like your running shoes, calf care is essential gear for your runs. Regular stretching, strengthening, and mobility work are as important as your weekly mileage.

So there you have it, folks – the lowdown on your calf muscles, those unsung heroes of your runs. Give them the love they deserve, and they’ll repay you with stronger, pain-free runs.

Happy running!

The History of The Marathon – Tracing Its Roots and Evolution Through Time

Curious about the marathon and want to know more about its origin? Then you’ve come to the right place.

The marathon is often hailed as one of the most iconic and grueling distances in the realm of running.  In fact, this event holds profound significance both in history and today’s world.

The marathon’s origins can be traced back to ancient Greece, where it was an integral part of the Olympic Games.  Today the event stands as a symbol of human endurance, determination, and the relentless pursuit of excellence.

But what’s the story behind it? And how did a running spectacle managed to become an icon? That’s where today’s post comes in handy.

In this article, I’ll spill the beans on the first marathon, the evolution of the distance, and so much more.

Sounds like a good idea?

Let’s roll in.

The First Olympics

The marathon originated as a blend of history and myth, tracing back to the first Olympics. Initially, the marathon distance was around 25 miles, following a path from Marathon to Athens. This distance was both challenging and symbolic, forming a backdrop for legendary athletic feats.

The Myth

Let’s take a quick jog down memory lane to where it all began – the story behind the marathon. Picture this: it’s 790 B.C. in Marathon, Greece. There’s a huge battle going on between the Greeks and Persians, and the Greeks, led by General Miltiades, just won a big one. But here’s the catch – they had to let Athens know ASAP.

Enter our hero, Pheidippides. This guy was more than just a messenger; he was on a mission. With nothing but pure adrenaline and determination, he ran non-stop from the battlefield to Athens – that’s about 25 miles! Imagine doing that after a battle, no breaks, just go, go, go.

And when he finally made it, he burst out with “nenikēkamen!” (that’s ancient Greek for “we’ve won!”) before he literally collapsed from exhaustion and died on the spot. Talk about giving it your all!

Fast forward to 1896, the first modern Olympics. They decided to set the marathon distance to honor Pheidippides’ legendary run. That’s how our 25-mile (later 26.2 miles) race was born, paying tribute to that incredible endurance and spirit.

DNF In Racing
Flickr Image – Joanna Pan

The Mythical Footsteps of Pheidippides: Legend vs. History

The story of Pheidippides and his legendary marathon has become a cornerstone in running culture. However, the blending of myth and history in this tale raises questions about its accuracy.

When we turn to historical records, though, the picture becomes less clear. The earliest account of the Battle of Marathon by Herodotus, a historian from that era, doesn’t mention a marathon-length run or the dramatic death of Pheidippides. It’s only in later historical writings, by authors like Plutarch and Lucian, that we find the narrative of Pheidippides’ long-distance run.

This discrepancy between legend and historical record creates an intriguing mix of fact and fiction surrounding the origins of the marathon. While the true story may be less dramatic than the legend, the spirit of Pheidippides’ journey continues to inspire runners worldwide.

The Marathon Nowadays

The marathon as we know it kicked off in Athens in 1896 during the first Olympic Games. The route covered about 25 miles (40 kilometers), starting from the historic Marathon Bridge and ending at the magnificent Olympic Stadium in Athens.

This, as you can tell, was a significant nod to Greek history and the legend of Pheidippides. This inaugural event in Athens was aimed at reviving the ancient Greek spirit, and the marathon perfectly captured this essence.

At the starting line stood 25 runners, each ready to test their limits. The sound of the starting gun set them off on a journey of endurance, pushing their bodies and minds to the extreme.

In that first Olympic marathon, nine athletes successfully completed the race. Among them was a local Greek water-carrier, Spyridon Louis, who became an overnight legend. His victory was not just for Greece, but it resonated across the marathon world.

The Changing Distance of The Marathon

After its debut in 1896, the marathon’s distance varied in the ensuing Olympic Games, reflecting the principle that the exact length wasn’t as important as ensuring all participants ran the same course.

In the 1900 Paris Olympics, the marathon’s distance was slightly increased to about 25.02 miles (40.2 kilometers). This change was mainly to accommodate the race’s start from the outskirts of Paris, specifically from the historic grounds of Versailles, adding a bit of extra length to the course.

The 1904 St. Louis Olympics presented another noteworthy chapter in marathon history. The race again spanned approximately 24.85 miles (40 kilometers), but this time runners faced additional challenges. The hot and dusty conditions of the route made the race particularly grueling, adding a layer of difficulty beyond the distance itself.

The 1908 London Olympics: The Birth of the Modern Marathon Distance

The 1908 London Olympics brought a significant change to marathon history, setting the official distance at 26.2 miles (42.195 kilometers). This change was influenced by the British royal family’s involvement and the desire to create a memorable event.

Let me explain.

The marathon route was designed to start from Windsor Castle and finish at the Olympic Stadium, right in front of the royal box. The course stretched from Windsor Castle to White City Stadium, covering 26 miles. To cater to the royal family’s request, an additional 1.2 miles (1.946 kilometers) was included, starting from the Castle.

But there’s an interesting twist. The organizers added yet another 385 yards to the finish line, specifically to ensure it ended in front of the royal box. This change was made to delight the royal family and add an element of spectacle to the event.

As the runners pushed through this extended course, the atmosphere was charged with excitement. The cry of “God Save The Queen” resonated, adding a regal touch to the final stretch. This moment in the 1908 Olympics didn’t just set the marathon distance; it also left a lasting impact on the tradition and spirit of marathon running, remembered and celebrated by runners to this day.

Nowadays, marathon events take place virtually everywhere on the planet, from the North Pole, the Amazon, the Sahara to the Great Wall of China.

There are 100’s of organized marathons around the globe each year, with roughly 400,000 marathon finishers in the US alone.

The Conclusion

Whether you’re a seasoned marathoner or dreaming of completing your first 26.2 miles, remember: the marathon is a journey of the body, mind, and soul.

It’s a testament to what we can achieve when we dare to test our limits and run towards our dreams. In the end, every marathon is a celebration of life, resilience, and the unbreakable bonds that connect us all. So, here’s to the marathon – a race that continues to inspire and unite us, mile after mile, year after year.